Job's wife suffered almost as much as Job did. Except for her health, she too lost everything-home, family, possessions. Her attitude and response exactly matched the one Satan had set out to evoke from Job-cursing God. How ironic that Satan achieved his goal in Job's sole surviving companion and not in Job himself.
Did Job's wife realize that she had surrendered to Satan's manipulative scheme? Did she feel her loss so greatly that she didn't care that she was wrong? Or did she respond to her calamity merely in a fit of emotion, which later passed, taking her bitterness with it? We don't know the answer to any of those questions. All we know is that she responded just as most people would have under the circumstances--she got angry at God and insisted that Job do the same. Most normal, commonsense people would have responded that way. Most people would have suggested the same thing. Most people would have done exactly as she did, MISSING THE POINT, just as Job told her.
Job's wife (Job 2:9; 19:17; 31:1O) has been called everything from the "adjutant of the devil" to the "faithful attendant upon her husband's misery". She is introduced after Job, one of the richest and greatest men of his time, has lost all of his cattle, flocks, camels, and all his children. Moreover, he is suffering from a loathsome disease, probably leprosy.
As he sat outside the city walls, Job still did not blame God. His wife, probably not so faithful and certainly not so patient, cried out, "Dost thou still retain thine integrity! Curse God, and die" (Job 2:9). No doubt Job's wife regarded a quick death as better than long-drawn-out suffering. In those days sudden death was supposed to result from cursing God.
In this statement we see Job's wife as an ordinary, normal woman. Though a dutiful wife, she probably failed to suffer with her husband in his hour of agony and by doing so she failed to share with him the marvelous VICTORY of trusting God in spite of not understanding Him.
There is another side, however, to Job's wife. She had endured her husband's affliction, even the loss of all their children and all their material possessions, and had survived these trials. Like her husband, she was bewildered amid so much calamity. Such a piece of advice as she gave him in his affliction could have been inspired by sympathy and love. Probably she would rather have seen him die than endure such great suffering.
In the next scene where she is depicted, we find her turning from her husband (Job 19:17), because his breath is so offensive on account of the disease from which he suffered.
Though Job's wife is not mentioned in the closing chapters, we learn in 42:14 that three daughters, Jemima, Kezia, and Keren-happuch, as well as sons, were later born to him. Probably Job's wife arose to new joy, just as he did, and regretted her own lack of faith when she had advised him to "curse God, and die."
Every time we suffer, we also undergo a test of faith. Is God really in controll? Is there any reason for this? Does any of this make any sense? If we let emotion take over, as Job's wife did, then we will indeed curse God. And we'll be just like her: bitter, angry, and WRONG.
Suffering tests our faith in God.
For his anger endureth but a moment; in his favour is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning. [Ps 30:5]